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The El Niño Phenomenon

jointly submitted by the Republic of Peru and the Philippines

The 6th Annual Meeting of the Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum,

Aware that El Niņo is a recurrent, oceanic-atmospheric phenomenon and that this global climate abnormality can cause prolonged dry seasons and/or drought, and can also cause excessive rainfall in short periods, thereby resulting in widespread floooding in low-lying areas;

Noting with concern the prediction by the World Climate Research Programme of the United Nations that the 1997-1998 El Niņo could be the "climate event of the century" and the warning that El Niņo is already so extreme, and affecting so large an area in the Pacific Ocean and Southeast Asia, that it could cause billions of dollars in damage worldwide;

Deeply concerned about the socio-economic effects the El Niņo phenomenon causes to the countries' economies and population as a whole;

Recognizing El Niņo as a global concern which cannot be addressed by one nation alone and that every citizen should have a long-term commitment to fight environmental hazards through collective activism in order to eventually protect each person's right to a safe, just, and healthy nation;

Understanding that one of the mechanisms for lessening the negative effects is he ability to predict through the collaboration of diverse countries that suffer its effects, oceanic-atmospheric changes with sufficient forewarning to permit the implementation of adpatation or emergency policies against variations in fishery, agricultural and industrial output, as well as marketing decisions, management of marine resources, and others;

Concurring with the urgent need for the countries that make up the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum to approach the treatment of the problem with concerted regional cooperation as well as a comprehensive strategy;

Resolves to:

Recommend that APPF member countries study through existing international forums about establishing and reinforcing mechanisms and programs aimed at properly forecasting the El Niņo phenomenon and at diminishing its negative cosequences in the interests of the population and the countries;

Urge all APPF governments to adopt and implement appropriate packages of farm technologies which will efficiently use and manage rain water for growing crops and livestock during the dry season, and encourage projects such as flood control, irrigation, restriction of slash-and-burn farming, economic structure reform, and reforestation;

Urge the international community to undertake prevention activities in a coordinated manner with other countries, in order to create the conditions for lessening the negative effects produced by the El Niņo phenomenon;

Express our commitment to promote open interchange in their respective countries with a view to study and negotiate cooperative mechanisms and programs that make it possible to deal more successfully with El Niņo, including, at least the following steps: