KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA

General Information | Electoral System | Last Elections | Presidency of the Parliament

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

 

Parliament: Radhsphea Ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea
National Assembly
Structure: Unicameral
Chamber: Radhsphea Ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea - National Assembly
President: Chea Sim (M)
Secretary general: Than Sina (M)
Members: 120
directly elected
Percentage of women: 4 %
Term: 5 years
Last renewal: 23 May 1993
28 May 1993
Address: National Assembly
Sothearos Boulevard
Khan Daun Penh
PHNOM PENH
Tel.: (855) 23 427 768
Cable: National Assembly, Phnom Penh
Telex: -
Fax: (855) 23 427 769
E-mail: na-orgria@forum.org.kh
Affiliation to IPU: Yes
Affiliation dates: 1997

ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Constituencies:
21 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's provinces.

Voting system:
Closed party-list proportional representation system.
The allocation of seats is effected on the basis of the Hare electoral quotient and remaining seats according to the greatest remainders.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by the "next-in-line" candidates of the same party that held the seats in question.
Voting is not compulsory.

Voter requirements:
- age: 18 years
- Cambodian citizenship

Eligibility:
Qualified electors
- age: 21 years
- Cambodian citizenship

Incompatibilities:
(data unavailable)

Candidacy requirements:
Nomination by duly registered party in the province in which the candidate is a registered voter.


LAST ELECTIONS
Date(s) of elections / renewal
23 May 1993
28 May 1993

Purpose of elections
Elections were held to fill all the seats of the Constituent Assembly.

Background and outcome of elections
The elections for the Constitutent Assembly took place within the framework of the Agreement on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodian Conflict. Pursuant to this Agreement, and at the request of the United Nations Security Council, the UN Secretary General established the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) with a mandate which encompassed aspects relating to human rights, the organization and conduct of free and fair elections, military arrangements, civil administration, the maintenance of law and order, the repatriation and resettlement of Cambodian refugees and displaced persons, and the rehabilitation of essential Cambodian infrastructure during the transition period. UNTAC became operational on 15 March 1992 and deployed 1,500 civilians, 16,000 military staff and 3,600 police in addition to several thousands of Cambodians.
The elections were preceded by the registration of eligible voters. The process was launched in October 1992 and concluded in March 1993 when 4,764,430 Cambodians, or over 96% of the eligible population, had registered to vote.
A total of 20 political parties had registered to participate in the elections. The main contenders included the Cambodian Peoples' Party (CPP) led by the Mr. Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the State of Cambodia, the royalist Front uni national pour un Cambodge indépendant, neutre, pacifique et coopératif (FUNCINPEC) led by Prince Norodom Rannariddh (son of the Head of State, then Prince Norodom Sihanouk), and the Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party (BLDP), which was led by a former Prime Minister of Cambodia, Mr. Son Sann. On the other hand, the Party of Democratic Kampuchea (PDK), also known as the "Khmer Rouge", did not register for the elections and did indeed later on vow to disturb them.
The main issue in the election campaign centered around Cambodia's future, with some parties also seeking to exploit the issue of Vietnamese in Cambodia. The election campaign lasted from 7 April to 19 May. During this period some 1,500 rallies - all peaceful - were held throughout the country and were attended by more than 800,000 Cambodians. Nevertheless, the campaign was also marred by violence. UNTAC reported a considerable number of serious instances of political violence, harrassement and intimidation resulting in large numbers of deaths, injuries and abductions.
Prior to the polling period, the PDK vowed to disrupt the conduct of the polls. In response to the numerous security incidents leading up to the elections and the firm opposition expressed by that party, UNTAC decided not to conduct polling in areas controlled by the armed forces of the PDK, nor in some remote areas in which they operated. Thus, the number of polling stations was reduced and security measures were stepped up.
Polling took place from 23 to 25 May at fixed and mobile polling stations. Some of the fixed stations were subsequently redeployed on 26 May as mobile stations where polling took place on 27 and 28 May. Contrary to most expectations, no major security incident occured and polling took place peacefully. At the end of the polling period, close to 90% of the registered voters had participated in the poll.
FUNCINPEC emerged as the winner of the poll, having obtained more than 45% of the valid votes cast, closely followed by the CPP which received over 38%. Some of the elected members of the CPP were disappointed with the result and sought eventually to establish a break-away republic composed of some of Cambodia's easternmost provinces. The rebellion failed and those involved lost their seats and were replaced by "next-in-line" candidates from the same party. Subsequently, the Constituent Assembly had its first sitting on 14 June 1993.

Statistics
CAMBODIA Constituent Assembly

1. Results of the elections

Number of registered electors 4,764,430
Voters 4,134,631 (86,78%)
Blank or void ballot papers 123,304
Valid votes 4,011,327


2. Distribution of seats according to political group

Votes % Seats
Cambodian People's Party (CPP) 1,533,471 38.23 51
Republican Coalition Party 27,680 0.69 -
Free Development Republican Party (FDRP) 20,425 0.51 -
Khmer Neutral Party (KNP) 48,113 1.20 -
Rassemblement pour la solidarité nationale (RSN) 14,569 0.36 -
Neutral Democratic Party of Cambodia (NDPC) 24,394 0.61 -
Democratic Party (DP) 41,799 1.04 -
Cambodia Free Independent Democracy Party (CFID) 37,474 0.93 -
Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party (BLDP) 152,764 3.81 10
Liberal Reconciliation Party (LRP) 29,738 0.74 -
Front uni national pour un Cambodge indépendant,
neutre, pacifique et coopératif (FUNCINPEC) 1,824,188 45.47 58
Cambodge Renaissance 28,071 0.70 -
Action for Democracy and Development Party (ADD) 13,914 0.35 -
Nationalist Khmer Party (NKP) 7,827 0.20 -
Free Republican Party (FRP) 31,348 0.78 -
Khmer Farmer Liberal Democracy (KFLD) 20,776 0.52 -
Molinaka and Naktaorsou Khmer for
Freedom Party (MONATH) 55,107 1.37 1
Liberal Democratic Party 62,698 1.56 -
Republic Deemocracy Khmer (REDEK) 11,524 0.29 -
Khmer National Congress Party 25,751 0.64 -
___
120


3. Distribution of seats according to profession
(data unavailable)

4. Distribution of seats according to sex

Men 115
Women 5
___
120


5. Distribution of seats according to age

31-35 years 2
36-40 " 17
41-45 " 34
46-50 " 27
51-55 " 21
56-60 " 10
61-65 " 6
66-70 " 2
Over 70 years 1
___
120



Average Age: 47 years



PRESIDENCY OF THE PARLIAMENT

Appointment and term of office | Status | Functions

APPOINTMENT AND TERM OF OFFICE

Title:
President of the National Assembly

Term:
- duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of the Assembly, illness, fulfilling function of Head of State ad interim or Regent

Appointment:
- elected by all Members of the National Assembly
- election is held at the beginning of the first session following the general election
- after Members' mandates are validated and before Members are sworn in

Eligibility:
- any Member of the Assembly can be candidate

Voting system:
- formal vote by secret ballot
- a 2/3 majority of the total Members of the Assembly is required

Procedures / results :
- the oldest Member of the House presides over the Assembly during the voting

STATUS

Status:
- in the absence of the King the President of the Assembly assumes the duties of Acting Head of State
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- is Member of the Royal Council of the Throne which convenes upon the death of the King to select a new King
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, the first Vice-President or the second Vice-President can assume his/her role and functions

Board:
- the Permanent Committee of the National Assembly consists of 12 Members: the President of the National Assembly who is also the President of the Permanent Committee, the two Vice-Presidents of the National Assembly and the Presidents of the nine commissions of the National Assembly
- meets each week and also on the initiative of the President
- 5 years mandate
- is a collegiate body

Material facilities:
- same salary as other Members of the National Assembly
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat, additional advisers and assistants from the private sector
- body guards and military escort
- domestic staff

FUNCTIONS

Organization of parliamentary business:
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time

Chairing of public sittings:
- can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated

Special powers:
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff on the proposal of the Secretary General
- propose the appointment of the Clerk
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber

Speaking and voting rights, other functions:
- takes the floor in legislative debates
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments
- ensures the constitutionality of the National Assembly acts