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Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum
5th Annual Meeting January 7-10, 1997
Vancouver, Canada

Resolution submitted by the delegations of Perú, the Philippines, Australia, Indonesia

on

Banning of Anti-personnel mines

The Fifth Annual Meeting of the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum,

Deeply concerned that up to 110 million active land mines scattered in 64 countries, claiming 2000 victims every month, most of them innocent civilians, hinder the economic growth and the reconstruction of the countries, and restrain both the repatriation of refugees and the return of displaced peoples;

Noting the important role of mine clearance activities in rehabilitating mine affected countries, including training in mine clearance techniques, mine awareness courses and the provision of medical assistance, including prosthetics;

Noting that the 96th Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference in Beijing, China, September 1996, adopted the Resolution of the "World Banning of Anti-Personnel Mines and the Need to Remove them for Humanitarian Purposes";

Noting the report by a panel of military experts, which was made known by the International Committee of the Red Cross, directly challenging the effectiveness of antipersonnel mines in combat;

Noting with satisfaction the adoption of the Ottawa Declaration resulting from the International Strategic Conference towards a Global Ban on Anti- Personnel Mines, 3-5 October 1996, with the commitment to work for the prompt conclusion of a legally binding international agreement to ban anti- personnel mines;

Noting with satisfaction the adoption by the United Nations General Assembly on its 51st ordinary session or a Resolution requesting member states to start working in order to achieve, as soon as possible, the conclusion of an international agreement to ban the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of land anti-personnel mines;

Recognising that until said international agreement is concluded, it is necessary that a great number of States accede to the "Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be Deemed to be Considered Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects", particularly to its recently amended Protocol II;

Welcoming also the decisions taken by some States to adopt unilateral measures on the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel land mines;

Recognising the need to conclude an international agreement to ban all anti-personnel mines as soon as possible.

Resolves to:

Encourage and Endorse the efforts of the international community for the early conclusion of an international agreement to ban anti-personnel mines;

Call on all countries to help deactivate land mines, support efforts to assist victims, and endorse the request of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference in Beijing, to provide technical assistance and advice to those countries which so require;

Request the international community to contribute financially to the UN Trust Fund For Mine Clearance, established in 1994;

Encourage the governments to accede to the "Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be Deemed to be considered Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects" adopted in Geneva, May 3, 1996 and to its protocols, particularly the recently amended Protocol II;

Encourage States that have not yet done so to introduce unilateral measures, bans and other restrictions with respect to anti-personnel land mines.

* Senator Roth of the United States did not agree with each aspect of this resolution.

Adopted unanimously on January 10, 1997.